Copyright System in Japan

    by Japan Copyright Office (JCO), Agency for Cultural Affairs, Government of Japan, October 2015 Edition

    Table of contents

    1. COPYRIGHT AUTHORITIES OF THE GOVERNMENT
    2. HISTORY OF COPYRIGHT SYSTEMS IN JAPAN 
      • (1) Establishment of the Modern Copyright System
      • (2) Development of the Copyright System
      • (3) Enactment of the New Copyright Law
      • (4) Accession to International Conventions
      • (5) Recent Developments in Relevant Legislations
      • (6) Enactment of the Law on Management Business of Copyright and Neighboring Rights
    3. DEVELOPMENT OF COPYRIGHT PROTECTION POLICIES FOR ADVANCED INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION NETWORKS 
      • [Background]
      • [Strategic Actions]
      • (1) Streamlining Laws and Regulations
      • (2) Promoting Smooth Distribution Systems
      • (3) Dealing with International Issues
      • (4) Reinforcing Education for Copyright
    4. AUTHOR'S RIGHT AND NEIGHBORING RIGHTS IN THE JAPANESE COPYRIGHT LAW 
      1. Author's Right
        1. Definition/Classification of "Works"
        2. Protected Works
        3. "Author" and "Copyright Owner"
        4. Rights of Authors
      2. Neighboring Rights
        1. Neighboring Rights Owners and the Scope of Protection
        2. Neighboring Rights Granted by the Copyright Law
      3. Term of Protection
        1. Author's Right
        2. Neighboring Rights
      4. Limitation on Rights
    5. MEASURES AGAINST INFRINGEMENT
      1. Civil Remedies
        1. General Provisions for Civil Remedies (Civil Code)
        2. Special Provisions for Copyright (Copyright Law)
      2. Criminal Remedies
        1. Copyright Law
        2. Penal Code and other Criminal Legislations
      3. Acts Considered as Infringements (Copyright Law)
      4. Border Measures and other Preventive Measures
        1. Border Measures (Costoms Tariff Law)
        2. Preventive Measures
    6. DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION PROGRAMS
        1. APACE Program (1993~)
        2. Asian Copyright Experts Invitation Program (1996~)
        3. Asia-Pacific Copyright and Neighboring Rights Seminar (1997~)
        4. JICA Group Training Course (1999~)
    7. NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
        1. Major NGOs related to Copyright and Neighboring Rights

          <General>

          1.   (a) Copyright Research and Information Center (CRIC)
          2.   (b) Japan Reproduction Rights Center (JRRC)

          <Literary Work>

          1.   (c) The Japan Writers' Association
          2.   (d) Writers Guild of Japan (WGJ)
          3.   (e) Japan Writers Guild
          4.   (f) Japan Book Publishers Association (JBPA)
          5.   (g) Japan Magazine Publishers Association (JMPA)

          <Visual Work>

          1.   (h) The Japan Art, Photograph and Graphic Design Copyright Organization (APG-Japan)
          2.   (i) Directors Guild of Japan
          3.   (j) Motion Picture Producers Association of Japan, Inc.
          4.   (k) Japan Association of Audiovisual Producers, Inc.
          5.   (l) Japan Video Software Association (JVA)
          6.   (m) Society for the Administration of Remuneration for Video Home Recording (SARVH)

          <Musical/Audio Works>

          1.   (n) Japanese Society for Rights of Authors, Composers and Publishers (JASRAC)
          2.   (o) Music Publishers Association of Japan (MPA)
          3.   (p) The Federation of Music Producers Japan (FMPJ)
          4.   (q) Society for the Administration of Remuneration for Audio Home Recording (sarah)

          <Computer Program>

          1.   (r) Association of Copyright for Computer Software (ACCS)
          2.   (s) Software Information Center (SOFTIC)

          <Performance>

          1.   (t) Japan Council of Performers' Organizations (GEIDANKYO)

          <Phonogram>

          1.   (u) Recording Industry Association of Japan (RIAJ)

          <Broadcasting>

          1.   (v) Japan Commercial Broadcasters Association (JBA)

    To Page of Top